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Special session: Measuring Driver and Pilot behavior

Date: Tuesday August 28
Time: 11:00-17:00
Location: Megaron

Organizers: Tobias Heffelaar (Noldus Information Technology) and Riender Happee (Delft University of Technology).

Abstract: Human in the loop testing is an essential step in the development of road and airborne transport systems. Driving and flight simulators enable flexible, efficient, and safe testing of human machine interfaces and vehicle control systems. Results are commonly analysed using objective performance data combined with subjective evaluation. Such traditional analyses often do not clarify how drivers and pilots use and adapt to new systems and innovative methods are needed to retrieve more insight into human behaviour from simulator testing. This session will present such innovative methods including:

    • Operator model identification, deriving models of the visuomotor, vestibulomotor, and neuromuscular control loops.
    • Visual scanning in multitask conditions.
    • Workload assessment and management.
    • Behaviour observation and physiological measurements regarding driver visual focus (head and eye-tracking) driver actions (e.g., hand motion) and driver state (ECG, EMG, facial expression, etc).


11:00 Driver and Pilot Identification and Model Parameter Estimation; Modelling the Visual, Vestibular, and Neuromuscular Control Loops Describing Driver and Pilot Behaviour 
  R. Happee, H.J. Damveld, D.A. Abbink, M.M. van Paassen, and M. Mulder
  Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands.

11:20 Identifying Driver Behaviour in Steering: Effects of Preview Distance
  H.J. Damveld, and R. Happee
  Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands.

11:40 Can we Discriminate Safe and Unsafe Visual Scanning in Multitask Driving Conditions?
  P.M. van Leeuwen, J.C.F. de Winter, and R. Happee
  Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands.

12:00 Can We Trust Driver Behaviour Assessment? Examples from Research in Simulators and in the Field
  Katja Kircher, and Christer Ahlström
  The Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI), Linköping,

12:20 Lunch break

14:00 Advantages and Disadvantages of Driving Simulators: A Discussion
  J.C.F. de Winter, P.M. van Leeuwen, and R. Happee
  Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands.

14:20 Managing Driver Workload Using Continuous Driver Workload Assessment
  Michel Alders (1), Jasper Michiel van Hemert (1), Jasper Pauwelussen (2),
  Tobias Heffelaar (3), Riender Happee (4), and Joop Pauwelussen (5)
  1 Tom Tom, The Netherlands.
  2 TNO, The Netherlands.
  3 Noldus Information Technology, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
  4 Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands.
  5 HAN University of Applied Technology, The Netherlands.

14:40 Selection of a Measurement Battery for Human Behaviour Assessment in Serious Games in the Aviation Domain
  G.D.R. Zon
  National Aerospace Laboratory – NLR, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

15:00 On Road Observational Survey of Seat Belt Use Among Your Drivers in Qatar.
Kahled Shaaban.  Qatar University, Doha, Qatar.

15:20 Tea break

15:40 Studying Driver's Lane Changing Behavior Under Heavy Traffic Volumes.
Kahled Shaaban. Qatar University, Doha Qatar.

16:00 Two demonstrations in parallel (each demonstration will be given at 16:00 and again at 16:30)

Driver Model Identification Demo
Tobias Heffelaar (Noldus IT)
The special session ends with a live demonstration of driver behavior analysis in a simulator. Participants will get to drive a scenario during which multiple measurements will be collected. At the end of the scenario drivers will be assessed on their driving performance and their driving style.

Experience the first developments of our workload estimator in a real car!
Jasper Pauwelussen (TNO)
Based on several measurements in the car, the driver workload is estimated while driving. This will be used to adapt the Human Machine Interface of a navigation device. This means that some functionality will be allowed or disallowed based on this workload. For example, if the workload is very high, the driver is not allowed to look for a hotel on the route while driving, but when the workload is low, e.g. driving straight with hardly any traffic, the driver is able to select a hotel. This allows the driver to safely perform some secondary tasks while driving instead of forbidding these actions by legislation.
The project is still in progress, but we are happy to show you our first results in our demo and we are interested in your opinion and suggestions.